E-Journal Archives

State Funding and Fund Raising for Public Research Universities: Implications for College Leaders

Fundraising initiatives have been a longstanding way for universities to accomplish their mission and goals. They serve as vital alternative sources of revenue, and institutional leadership and vision is imperative for college and universities to find the type of financial success they need to meet a variety of demands. This study examined the influence of fundraising on state funding decision making for public higher education, specifically at Public Research I universities. The study considers social, political, and economic factors that influence college leader decision making for substantial university-wide interests in conducting billion dollar capital campaigns. Read More >

Everrett A. Smith

Fall/Winter 2014
Correction Officers’ Leadership Styles and an Inmate Motivation for Jail-Based Treatment

Introduction and Problem Statement


The United States is the leader in incarceration rates.  Petersilia (2012) reported that the United Stated houses over 2.4 million inmates.  A large percentage of the individuals in jail have a problem with substance abuse (Linhorst, Dirks-Linhorst, Bernsen, & Childrey 2009). Many jails and prisons incorporate substance abuse programs in their facilities.  According to Carlson (2001), substance abuse treatment reduces relapse and recidivism.  Substance abuse programs combine educational and substance abuse groups to help clients recover; while clients are in substance abuse programs, they share their feelings and their substance abuse history. Read More >

Tammy Jo Clevenger, Linda Atkinson

Fall/Winter 2014
The Value Gap: Ethnically Diverse Students Overlooked by AP Expansion? Ethnic and Gender Differences in Advanced Placement Exam Performance: Implications for Leaders

For the past decade, Advanced Placement (AP) course participation has doubled in the United States and more students are taking AP exams than ever before (College Board, 2012). Nevertheless, students passing the exams are more often Whites and Asians attending high performing suburban high schools than Blacks or Hispanics.  Since 1997, national trends in college readiness as measured by AP exam performance reflected persistent academic achievement gaps between underserved Black and Hispanics and their White and Asian peers in virtually every state (Davis, Joyner & Slate, 2011; Holmes, 2012; Koch, 2012; Moore, Slate, & Martinez-Garcia, 2009).  Additionally, gender differences in AP test taking patterns and success rates have remained consistent (Holmes, 2012; Moore & Slate, 2011; Moore, Combs, & Slate, 2010). Read More >

Maria Alexander Holmes, John R. Slate, George W. Moore, Wally Barnes

Fall/Winter 2014
U.S. Department of Education Green Ribbon Schools: Leadership Insights and Implications

Environmental education has its roots in the late 18th and early 19th century with philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau asserting that education should include a focus on the environment and biologist Louise Agassiz encouraging students to “study nature, not books” (McCrea, undated, p. 1).  Early “nature education” and “conservation education” movements gave way to the current environmental education movement that emerged around the first Earth Day and was codified in the National Environmental Education Act of 1970 (National Environmental Education Advisory Council, 1996). “Environmental Education is a learning process that increases people’s knowledge and awareness about the environment and associated challenges, develops the necessary skills and expertise to address these challenges, and fosters attitudes, motivations, and commitments to make informed decisions and take responsible action,” Read More >

William L. Sterrett, Scott Imig, Deborah Moore

Fall/Winter 2014